Legislative framework/Quarantine Act

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is COVID-19?

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are normally transmitted between animals and people. The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is caused by a new strain of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) that has not been previously identified in humans. It was first reported to WHO on the 31st of December, 2019 in Wuhan, China.

What is the source of COVID-19?

Scientists and public health officials are working hard to identify the source of the SARS-CoV-2 which is the virus that causes COVID-19. The initial transmission appeared to be from an animal source, but there has been person-to-person transmission in countries.

Is COVID-19 airborne?

When a person with coronavirus coughs or exhales, droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch the virus by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth.
People can also catch coronavirus if they breathe in these droplets. This is why it is important to stay at least 2 metres away from a person who is coughing or sneezing.

Are countries with hot weather immune to COVID-19?

From the evidence so far, the virus causing COVID-19 can be transmitted in ALL AREAS, including areas with hot and humid weather.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

  1. Cough
  2. Fever
  3. Breathing difficulties

Are there any cases in Nigeria?

Yes. Nigeria has recorded confirmed cases of COVID-19. Measures have been put in place to ensure that all confirmed cases are isolated, receive treatment and intense contact tracing conducted.

What does self-isolation mean?

This means strictly staying at home or identified accommodation, away from situations where you mix with family members or the general public, for the period of 14 days. This means any situation where you may come in close contact with others (face to face contact closer than 2 metres i.e. 5 feet). The NCDC guidelines on this can be found HERE .

What does physical distancing mean?

This is an effective strategy to reduce physical interaction between people towards reducing the widespread of COVID-19 in a community. The NCDC guidelines on this can be found HERE

This measure involves strict adherence to;

· Non-contact greetings (avoiding shaking of hands and hugs)

· Maintaining at least 2 metres (5 feet) physical distance between yourself and individuals

· Closure of activities that will cause any form of gathering including schools, houses of worship, and social events


The novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is a new strain of the virus that has not been previously identified in humans. SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

This is an updated advisory on the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) which will be updated frequently to reflect new information and research emerging on the disease and its impact on populations.

The Federal Ministry of Health through the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has activated a national Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) at the highest level. The EOC is leading the national public health response to the COVID-19 outbreak in Nigeria with state EOC’s leading efforts at the state level. The NCDC is also working closely with the state governments of all affected states through the deployment of national Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) to support response activities including contact tracing.

Several measures have been instituted by the Presidential Task Force on COVID-19, together with the Federal Ministry of Health to curtail the spread of the disease and protect the health of Nigerians. The Federal Government of Nigeria issued a ban on all international flights effective from the 23rd of March 2020, except for emergency and essential flights. On the 30th of March, the Federal Government also imposed a lockdown of non-essential activities in the FCT, Lagos and Ogun States.

On the 27th of April, President Muhammadu Buhari announced that there will be a phased and gradual easing of the lockdown in these locations. However, the following additional preventive measures will be enforced;

  • Mandatory use of non-medical face mask/covering for all persons while in public spaces. Use of latex hand gloves are prohibited
  • Mandatory provision of handwashing facilities/sanitizers and extensive temperature checks in all public spaces
  • Prohibition of interstate travel except for essential travels and services
  • Controlled access to markets and locations of economic activities
  • Physical distancing of 2 metres between people in workplaces and other public spaces